The Atlantik Wall In Normandy



Stp255 Fort Roule  Map 1210E

The Fort du Roule, a classic "French" star fort built in the nineteenth century, sits atop a rock spur which dominates Cherbourg from the south.

In 1944 the Germans had turned the fort into a formidable strong point. Coastal artillery, facing the harbour, was mounted in the lower level under the cliff edge.

The upper ramparts were studded with concrete machine-gun and mortar emplacements and protected by an antitank ditch.

Below this upper level were a series of galleries and underground passages linking the four Casemates which housed 105mm guns.

The guns were unusual in as much as they came from S-Boates.

Cherbourg was a S-Boate base and the guns were soon transferred from the German Army to the German Navy.

The Casemates were of the type 671 and this is the only site that had this combination of guns and bunkers.

The FCP is a non standard design, although one other was built at Garde de Guerin near St Malo..

The tunnels were not completed by D-day, but on the top of Fort Roule the Germanís constructed or planned type L411a, L434, 501 & 607 type bunkers.

This upper part of the site is still owned by the military and is out of bounds.

The lower tunnels were used during the occupation to store torpedo's for the "S" Boates, and was Known as Stp255

The tunnels have now been turned into a museum, but not for "Bunker Enthusiasts" it is more like Disneyworld and does not really tell the history of the site.

Visit Azeville where the story is told much better.

Stp255 R671/SK x 4 - Fire Control Post/SK 105mm SK C/32 C/36 Manned by ?/MAA260

External Defences L413a - L2 x 3 - R630 x 2 - R634 - R646 - R622 - R607 - L411a - Vf58c x 3 - Cable Pit - 37mm Flak36 x 3


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