The Atlantik Wall In Normandy




This German ground-to-air guided missile was developed by the Rheinmetall-Borsig company from 1942 onwards.
Firing tests began in August 1943 and by the 5th January 1945 some 82 had been fired of which only four had failed.
The propulsion involved a solid-fuel motor, with a solid-fuel boost unit used for initial launch.

It was guided by radio command, the missile being optically tracked by means of flares attached to the fins.
The warhead contained 3301b of high explosive and was detonated by a 'Kranich' acoustic proximity faze.
Rheintochter was originally designed for an altitude of 8000 meters, but when the design was completed the Luftwaffe turned it down, having decided that more altitude was necessary. The propulsion unit was therefore redesigned to use solid or liquid fuels, the boost motors slung alongside, and the missile was to be launched from a permanent emplacement in a pit.

This was Rheintochter 3, and work began on it in May 1944.
By January 1945 six had been built and fired, but the control system had not been perfected. Development was stopped on 6 February 1945, it being considered that it was unlikely to be completed in time to have any effect on the course of the war.


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